File:Trans Royal Society of Edinburgh cover.jpg|thumb|thumb|The cover of a 1788 volume of the journal ''Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh''. This is the issue where James Hutton published his ''Theory of the Earth''.
The '''Royal Society of Edinburgh''' is Scotland's national academy
of science and letters. It is a registered charity, operating on a wholly independent and non-party-political basis and providing public benefit throughout Scotland. It was established in 1783. it has more than 1,500 Fellows.
The Society covers a broader selection of fields than the Royal Society
of London including literature
[[http://www.rse.org.uk/cms/files/archive/rse_nls_collection.pdf List of RSE material] held at the National Library of Scotland] [[http://www.scholarly-societies.org/history/1783rse.html Notes on the Royal Society of Edinburgh from the Scholarly Societies... ]